Ulysses Burden, Jr.
Mission — The mission of the Irrigation Division is to provide infrastructure to regulate water supply to crops and grow an abundant food supply necessary to meet the world’s growing population.
Goal – TThe goal of the irrigation Division is to utilize irrigation scheduling as a mechanism to mandate water consumption needs for organic plant growth at various developmental stages, in order to attain high yields, while maintaining soil quality and water conservation.
Irrigation is a technique used to water crops and plants. A drip irrigation system decreases the amount of water used. There is no water-runoff, deep percolation, or evaporation. In short water is used more efficiently when irrigation is applied. It also means water is saved when crops are watered and even when there is little rainfall for farmers.
Irrigation maintains moisture in the soil. Moisture is necessary for the germination of seeds. Seeds do not grow in dry soil. That is why irrigation is done before tilling. Irrigation is essential for the growth of the roots of plants. The roots of plants do not grow well in dry soil. Irrigation is necessary to help plants absorb mineral nutrients from the soil. Thus, irrigation is essential for the general growth of the plants. Water also supplies two essential ingredients to the crop soil — hydrogen and oxygen. Proper irrigation scheduling is vital in order to optimize plant and soil interactions. Water therefore plays important roles in not only plant health, but also in soil fertility.
Irrigation is the process through which water is channeled onto land to support the growth of crops or pasture. It is essential for the production of many crops. Irrigators channel water from a number of sources — surface water, aquifers, rivers and dams. The key question the industry must answer is — is irrigation sustainable? Irrigators must justify the costs, both economic and environmental, against their output. Irrigation then, in agricultural terms, is watering a crop.
Farm irrigation is a system that must supply water at rates, in quantities, and at times needed to meet farm irrigation requirements and schedules. They must divert water from a water source, convey it to cropped areas on the farm, and distribute it over the area being irrigated. In addition, it is essential that the farm irrigation system facilitates management by providing a means of measuring and controlling water flow.
Irrigation efficiency is a critical measure of irrigation performance in terms of the water required to irrigate a field, farm, basin, irrigation district, or an entire watershed. The value of irrigation efficiency and its definition are important to the societal views of irrigated agriculture and its benefit in supplying the high quality and abundant food supply, required to meet our growing world’s population.